Hello and thank you for your question,
I have provided some ideas and starter points for you to determine ways to identify and cater to students with disabilities in such a way that is not biased/ free from social constructions.
There is a very good report you can read about this, Assessing Students With Disabilities: Issues and Evidence (link provided below), which provides several ways that are described as being options to classify and assess students with disabilities.
One idea brought forth in this report is modifications to testing material and administration to determine the next steps to be taken with the student based on their disabilities. For example, changing the method of giving the test to the student, giving extra time to finish the text, providing more breaks and reduced testing duration etc. can ...
The expert determines how we can ensure that the identification of students with disability excludes bias and social constructions.