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Juvenile Crime-What is best: punishment or rehabilitation

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The Juvenile crime theory presented will be of two positions rehab or punishment
Present an example of a mixed method review (pragmatism) with the above methodology in of juvenile crime.
Conclude the literature review with a brief proposal for a new study

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Solution Summary

Years of research has gone into studying the best methods of dealing with juvenile crime. There are proponents of punishment and other proponents of rehabilitation. Recently, judges and prosecutors have felt a compassion for young people and have moved to more of a restorative type justice where youth participate in their own rehabilitation. Regardless of how one feels, it is beneficial to study many methods in order to best serve the youth of today.

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As far as the background of juvenile crime goes, there have been several things written in the past. Ludwig, Duncan, & Hirschfield (1999) posit, "lower poverty neighborhoods reduce violent criminal behavior by teens and a move to a very low poverty area may cause an increase in property crime offending, in the short term" (p.1). In essence high poverty means more crime.

Ludwig, J., Duncan, G.J., & Hirschfield, P. (1999). Urban poverty and juvenile crime: Evidence from a randomized housing
mobility experiment. Georgetown Public Policy Institute.

"Shaw and McKay (1969) argued that three structual factors-low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity, and residential mobility-led to the disruption of community social organization, which, in turn, accounted for variations in crime and delinquency" (Sampson & Groves, 1989, p. 775). One question to ask yourself today is are these figures relevant or similar to what goes on today in society and ...

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