1. Is it possible to make effective decisions without thinking critically?
2. If you were tasked with developing a code of ethics for your organization, what process would you use? What things would you include? Explain why you selected these items.
Texts I'm using:
Ruggiero, V. (2008). Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2006). Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2003). The Miniature Guide to Understanding the Foundations of Ethical Reasoning. Dillon Beach, CA: Foundations for Critical Thinking.
Hi. The solution below should get you started. What you are being asked is to provide a viewpoint only. As long as you support your answers, that should suffice. Good luck and thank you for using Brainmass.
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
Decision Making & Critical Thinking
When we think of effective decision making, we are referring to a decision taken that has considered all angles and all elements influencing, is affected and will be affected plus the purposes and goals of the decision being taken. When we say effective it also refers to a positive outcome wherein the decision taken yielded desired results. Now, by virtue of this we can say that effective decisions imply the use of rational and logic due to the simple fact that the choice, the decision taken is and was effective. There are a number of established methods that can be used in critical decision making including Pareto Analysis, Paired Comparison,Grid Analysis, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Force Field Analysis and even Decision Trees. These might all appear technical at some point. Humans beings however are very adaptable in terms of techniques in handling and managing their daily lives and realities. It is no surprise if individuals come up with their own versions of these methods especially Cost-benefit Analysis (i.e. making decisions about one's finances in relation to investment), Decision Trees (i.e. deciding upon a series of actions to take like which university to go to) or paired comparison analysis (i.e. a housewife comparing competing brands during ...
The solution is an 898-word tutorial module that answers and discusses the relationship of critical thinking and effective decision making and the importance of an Organization's Code of Ethics, suggesting a process of formulating one and provides a sample code of ethics based on this process. The solution is written from a first-person perspective, references are listed following the APA format. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing and digital use.