1. What are the basic assumptions of Cognitive theory?
2. Name two key figures who are important theorists in Cognitive theory that were discussed in the reading. What was (is) their function as a therapist?
3. What is the relationship between the clinician and the participant in Cognitive Therapy?
4. List three techniques or procedures used in this theory.
5. Briefly describe how you might use this theory if you were employed as a social service assistant, case management aide, residential counselor, community support worker, alcohol or drug abuse counselor, community support worker, life skills counselor, or gerontology aide in a human services setting.
The following information is written in the APA format - a comprehensive discussion on Cognitive theory discussing personalities, development, assumptions and the heart of the theory itself. I hope this is of useto your studies. Thank you for using brainmass.
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
The Basic Assumptions
Cognitive theory in its most basic is the psychological attempt at understanding human behaviour by exploring and attempting to explain the human thought process. The most basic assumption behind the theory is that human beings do what is most acceptable, what most makes sense to them by the process of logic. Humans process information as a computer does, this process is influenced by the nature of the individual - his socialization, his personality, his experience - these all have input to the eventual decisions taken on by the subject in what is known as individual behaviour, a unique reaction to events and situations. Behaviourism does not have any place in cognitive theory as behaviourism is all about cause & effect. Of recent though, experimental theorists have been trying to merge cognitive theory into behavioural approaches at therapy with some satisfying results. Even then, at its heart, when the theory was first proposed by Julian Rotter, it considers and focuses on all parts of the mind - thinking, knowing, memorizing, and communicating - and how they work together. The nervous system - the central control of the human machine is what makes human beings so efficient and, despite the cause & effect nature of the social world, at the end of the day, it is the thought process that matters because it is through the thought process that the individual decides what to do, how to react and how to make sense of reality. The brain and the human body - they are the hardware. The mind and the thought process - the software, constantly learning & upgrading through the varied stages that Piaget identified as level of cognitive development. Hardware and software merge to become that defining individual personality. The theory has become important in varied sciences from the natural to the social as it is applied to explain the mechanics of human nature and society. In the end - personality, environment and behaviour influence each other constantly in human motivation.
Rotter & Piaget
Julian Rotter first developed cognitive theory as a form of social learning theory, proposing it in his 1954 book Social Learning and Clinical ...
The solutionis a comprehensive discussion on Cognitive theory - the personalities (i.e. Piaget), the history and development of the application and viewpoints that became the basis of the theory, the varied roles played by the clinician and counselor using the theory to aid their work and their clients. THe solution also provides a comprehensive discussion on application by taking on a viewpoint in a particular sample case.