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Social Inequality between Nations (Matrix Included)

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Poverty is a worldwide social issue. Consider and explain the relationship between social inequality and poverty (social inequality between developed and less-developed nations). Compare the data between the U.S. poverty level and another country. Summarize your findings.

How have some of the following factors contributed to the severity and extent of poverty?

* Technology
* Globalization
* Population growth
* Social stratification
* Gender inequality

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Dear Student,
Hello. Due to elements that you asked for in your posting I have decide to provide you with 2 things - a discussion of poverty and social inequality with a focus on the poverty line (including the UK) and a matrix to compare the US and another 3rd world country according to the categories you have mentioned. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask. Good luck and thank you for using Brainmass.

Sincerely,
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
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Social Inequality: A Matrix Comparison of Influential Categories

Society is built upon the individual. As an individual, one belongs to a family that has a certain 'place' in society in a political, social and economic sense. So while society is organized in groups, one's 'place' in society is according to where one fits in the social strata. Social stratification is hierarchal in nature and delineates the divisions of castes, groups and social classes in society. Social stratification is never intended to be discriminative, it is just a sociological and anthropological concept that helps to identify the players in society and how power is distributed and wielded. When we talk about social stratification, we usually mean social class. Social class is about economic capability and social standing. Economically, we assign the following - marginal/poor class, lower Class, lower middle class, upper middle class, lower upper class, Upper Class and the Affluent Class. Sometimes it is just boils down to this: poor, lower class, middle class and upper class. Max Weber and Karl Marx had both observed that power is distributed from the upper to the lower and one's place in society is determined by one's social strata. The following are the criterion in deciding Social Class:

? Household/personal income or wealth
? Occupation
? Education and Qualifications
? Family Background

In the US, for population surveys, class is largely determined by economic capacity and not by occupation, family background or education. Therefore, the poor and those with a certain income level fall, officially, in the lower class. Middle Class and Upper Class is also determined by economic net worth. Sociologically speaking though, determinant of Middle Class is usually income capacity + occupation + education. The Matrix below discusses certain categories that influence poverty and social inequality in society comparing the US to a third world country, the Philippines. Social inequality within a country is real but at the same time there is a very real socio-economic gap between developed nations and poorer, lesser developed nations hence their people enjoy very different lifestyles and opportunities.

(Data based on 2009 updated CIA fact book for comparison: www.cia.gov)

(The Matrix can be found in the attached word version of this solution)

Discussion: A look at Poverty Line in the UK and the Philippines

Poverty threshold, more commonly known as the poverty line is that 'constructed' or imagined level of income necessary/needed by individuals and families to achieve a certain standard of living in nations all over the world. Because the economic standing of each nation is different from the other, the levels differ from one country to the other as well. When we talk about poverty line, we need to ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a comprehensive 2,677-word essay that contains 2 main elements, a discussion of poverty and social inequality with a focus on the poverty line (including the UK) and a matrix to compare the US and another 3rd world country according to the following categories - Technology, Globalization, Population growth, Social stratification & Gender inequality. Recent reports and studies are utilized to make this comprehensive narrative including that from the the US the Census Bureau, OXFAM & CIA country studies. A list of references is listed to allow students to expand the information provided for further research. A word version of the solution (which contains the extensive matrix) is attached for easy printing and download.

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Scientific Method Matrix

Complete the following matrix based on a social problem of your choice. The matrix will serve as a guide for creating a preliminary plan for the basic steps of the scientific method.

Scientific Method Matrix
Social problem - Identify a social problem of your choice.

Problem definition - A problem statement is often written as a research question. Limit the problem statement to one sentence.

Example: Does going to college worth the time and money?

Operational definition - Develop operational definitions for two abstract concepts in the problem statement that you believe are measurable and subject to change under different conditions. Create the operational definitions so another researcher can understand and assess your definition of the abstract concepts. Limit your definitions to one sentence each.

Example: For purposes of this study, schooling is defined as the ¬¬¬¬number of completed grade levels in public education institutions. For purposes of this study, pay off is defined as an increase in income level.

Literature review - Conduct a short literature review of one peer-reviewed article pertaining to the chosen social problem. Include an APA citation of the article.

Speculative hypothesis - Formulate a speculative hypothesis statement about the relationship between the operationally defined variables. Suggest how one variable is expected to influence the other. The hypothesis must clearly identify which variable you believe will predict or cause a change in the other?this is the independent variable?and which variable's actions or change will be dependent on change in the other?this is the dependent variable.

Independent variable - Identify the independent variable (IV), which is the variable that you hypothesize will cause or influence the other variable.

Dependent variable - Identify the dependent variable (DV), which is the variable that you hypothesize will change due to the influence or presence of the independent variable.

Hypothesis - Write the hypothesis in the form of an if-then statement.

Example: If the grade level of schooling is related to the level of income, then a change in the grade levels of schooling (IV) will affect a change in the level of income (DV).

Major research design - Identify the major research design?including the interview survey, questionnaire survey, observation, experiment, and existing sources?you would use to collect and analyze your research data and information. Explain why you believe this is the best research design for your research problem.

Conclusion - Suggest a preliminary conclusion to the problem based on the author or researcher's information or results in the one literature review article. Limit the conclusion to one paragraph.

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