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Please summarize trends in population growth and diversity.

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During the 20th century, the world had the largest population growth ever. The population started at 1.6 billion people and at the end of the century, there were 6.1 billion people. There was however, a big disparity in population growth between underdeveloped regions and more industrialized, developed areas.

In 2006, the world population was at approximately 6.5 billion. There are different factors that have affected the increase in population around the world and the decrease of population in many underprivileged areas.

For instance, the AIDS epidemic has had drastic effects in areas such as Swaziland, Botswana and Zimbabwe. Because of the epidemic, there has been a drastic increase in mortality and the life expectancy of people in these areas has declined.

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Since about 1750, the world population has grown massively, at an increasing rate until recently, from some size of the order of 500 million, to over 6 billion now. In the 'industrialized' or 'developed' world, during this period of population growth, national populations have largely completed going through what is called the 'demographic transition' (see graph above). This is the transition from a largely rural agrarian society with high fertility and mortality rates, to a predominantly urban industrial society with low fertility and mortality rates.

In the industrialized countries, generally speaking, the transition began with a large drop in mortality rate. Only much later did fertility rate decline, so the decrease in mortality rate allowed a massive population explosion. Then with the later decline in fertility rate, the population growth slowed down and has or will soon cease (we ignore here the effect of possible high future immigration). It can be seen then that there are two key transitions within the 'demographic transition' - first a mortality transition and second a fertility transition.

The underlying causation of the demographic transition was complex; various factors were involved, such as changes in modes of agricultural production and improvements in hygiene. The timing and details of the transition however, varied considerably between countries, and in Europe, between different regions. And in France, where fertility declined relatively early, there was no big time gap between the onset of mortality decline and the onset of fertility decline (R5).

It is worth noting at this point the meaning of two much used demographic terms. First, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR). This is the number of children that would be born to a woman if current patterns of childbearing persisted throughout her childbearing years (usually considered to be ages 15 to 49). Second, The Replacement Fertility Rate (RFR). The RFR is the fertility rate that will ensure that each woman will be replaced by one daughter in the next generation (it is only women that add the males as well as the females to the population!). In developed world countries the RFR is a little over two rather than two because, first, slightly fewer girls are born than boys, and ...

Solution Summary

Current population growth and diversity trends in society.

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Diversity Training Manual

You have been hired as the manager of human resources (HR) by the company's chief executive officer (CEO). During your interview process, the CEO indicated that in the last 2 decades, the workforce demographics of her company had changed dramatically. Although this had been occurring, both the previous HR manager as well as all of the company's front-line supervisors had remained as they had been for years: primarily, white males, now in their 50s and early 60s, from a Judeo-Christian background. The CEO indicated that at a frequent rate, workplace strife had been increasing, and it seemed related to the changing demographics of the workforce itself. The CEO asked you to compile a training manual that consists of sections that are meant for the training of employees and to raise awareness and sensitivity to diversity issues.

To complete the CEO's request for a comprehensive training manual, she has asked you to first create a table of contents for the manual and to complete at least 20% of the manual itself.

Diversity Training Manual: Overview

The content of the complete manual will be developed throughout the course and will need to cover diversity issues, specifically the following forms of discrimination:

There must be information regarding the following:
Recent trends
Forecasts about the changing general population
Legislation covering these type issues

There will need to be subsections that deal with the following information:
Customs and values of each group
The need for sensitivity to differing values and customs
Legislation affecting supervisor regulations

Diversity Training Manual: Part I

Given that the training manual will be dealing with several diversity issues, prepare the table of contents and write the first part of the manual, which should deal with some useful background for the company's existing and future hourly employees.
The first parts that the CEO wants completed are as follows:

A preliminary outline of the entire manual (this may change as you work on the project)

The table of contents

The following sections regarding in the demographics of the U.S. population should be included:
o Current statistics
o Recent trends
o Forecasted trends

Using the Web sites listed, present information about trends in the U.S. populations regarding the following information:
o Immigrant versus native
o Religion
o Age
o Race

References needed.

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