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Topics in Sociology

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Do either A or B.
A. Describe the main arguments of two sociological theories (e.g., functionalism, conflict theory or symbolic interactionism) that provide explanations for deviant behavior and illustrate each with an example that is NOT from your text.
B. Explain Robert Merton's strain theory and re-create his typology of the types of deviance that can arise from strain, including the reaction to goals and means. Illustrate each with an example.

Do either A or B.

A. Racial residential segregation, remains a key problem in the United States. What sociological factors explain its persistence in an era when housing discrimination is illegal?
B. Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore are well known for their functionalist analysis of social stratification. However, there are many who challenge their ideas. Provide a summary of Davis and Moore's theory as well as a critique of its weaknesses.

Do either A or B.

A. How do theorists such as Rostow and Wallerstein explain inequalities of income and development between countries? What are the relative strengths and weaknesses of each theory? Which do you see as more persuasive and why?
B. Why is it important to consider race and ethnicity when discussing gender inequality? Consider high school and college graduation rates, the gender wage gap, and the discussion of gender globally.

1. Do either A or B.
A. Identify and define the five major types of social movements and provide an example of each.
B. How is the expansion of social media likely to change how people pursue social change? How has it done so already?

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Dear Student,
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. In this particular task, you are asking for help in putting together answers to questions under the banner of sociology. I have made the assumption that you have not yet chosen from either the A or B choices so as example; I have made random choices to show you how they can be tackled. But while the answers are true to the theories, you should review the materials you have so as to include specific concepts that your instructor expects to find. I have settled on topics labeled A, but chose B for Q34. You can also use the listed resources to further explore the topic. Just let me know via the feedback section if you need further clarification. All the best with your studies and Happy Holidays.

AE 105878/Xenia Jones

Topics in Sociology

QA. Describe the main arguments of two sociological theories (e.g., functionalism, conflict theory or symbolic interactionism) that provide explanations for deviant behavior and illustrate each with an example that is NOT from your text.

- For this task, I have chosen to discuss functionalism and conflict theory sociological perspectives. Sociological perspectives are ways of 'viewing' the social system as a means to explain and explore social dynamics. According to Bryant (2016), functionalism, "Functionalism sees society as a system; a set of interconnected parts which together form a whole. There is a relationship between all these parts and agents of socialization and together they all contribute to the maintenance of society as a whole." Imagine each individual, each group, each government agency, each organization as having a 'role' or a function - only with functioning 'parts' can a society develop, exist and maintain itself. Dysfunction within these parts can lead to issues and social problems. Now imagine from a micro-level a family. Each of the family members have a function, parents are supposed to provide for the physical and emotional wellbeing of their children. But let's say that the parents are having issues threatening divorce with each other and it has created a dysfunction in the household. The issue with their dysfunction has led their children to antisocial/deviant behavior in school as a means to act out their frustrations. Meanwhile, conflict theory (Mooney, Knox and Schacht, 2007), "views society as composed of different groups and interest competing for power and resources. The conflict perspective explains various aspects of our social world by looking at which groups have power and benefit from a particular social arrangement." This perspective has its ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) of discussing various topics in sociology including sociological perspectives, racial residential segregation, poverty, economic theories in geography and social media. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.