Define and discuss feminist theology and liberation theology.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 10:25 pm ad1c9bdddf
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Feminist theology borrows any of the traditional historical religions and then interprets them through the lens of feminism. Rather than interpreting religious teachings, holy books, commandments and doctrine using linguistic, historical and cultural methods all religious information is interpreted through the lens of the contemporary feminist worldview. The goal is not "how can I change my perspective in order to understand what this writing meant to the original readers," rather the modern feminist asks, "how can I manipulate or reword this ancient document in order to make it agree with modern feminist thought." Feminist theology tends to elevate the personal experience on an equal or nearly equal footing with divine revelation, religious tradition and sacred writings. It also seeks to remove gendered references to God in any holy text and finally it seeks to shed light on the religious contributions of women throughout human history rather than study the men who impacted and shaped religious thought and observance.
Liberation theology interprets primarily the teachings of Christianity through the lens of political liberation and autonomy. The teachings of the Old Testament, of Jesus Christ and the epistles of Paul are not read in their original Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek languages in order to clearly understand the culture and context of what the original writer was attempting to convey. Rather these writings are interpreted in light of a present desire of a local group of people to enjoy political autonomy. The words of Jesus to the Jews who were oppressed by the Romans are not interpreted in the historical context in which they were spoken but are applied to the contemporary local condition of the reader himself. Liberation theology was and is a huge movement in South America where it was born, and has been adopted by oppressed and underprivileged people in many continents. Rather than seeking to be liberated from the power and penalty of sin, people seek to be liberated from the authority of a government or ruler who is seen as illegitimate and oppressive.
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