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Macro Social Systems

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Macro-systems theories seek to make sense of the behavior of large groups of people and the workings of entire societies. To begin we will look at the three most prominent macro-system theories in sociology: functionalism, conflict theory, and interationism.

These theories vary in their usefulness for analyzing any particular issue or problem individuals encounter within their social environments. Having knowledge of a range of contemporary theories enables the social worker to select the theory or theories that are most useful in understanding a particular human behavior, problem, or issue. Often the greatest understanding results from combining and critically thinking about a combination of those theories.

1). Outline the three macro systems theories (functionalism, conflict theory, and interactionism).
2). Describe how each of these perspectives would explain the macro system problem of crime and delinquency.
3). Which approach do you support the most? Explain your reasoning.

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Solution Summary

The expert outlines the three macro system theories. How perspectives would explain the macro system problem of crime and delinquencies are described.

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Functionalism is the macro system theory that the social structure of society has a tremendous influence on the total operational methodology and function of society. In essence it is the structure of a given society that determines the manner in which a given society operates. This perspective could be utilized to explain the macro system of crime and delinquency, due to the fact that many societies are structured in a manner which upward mobility for the poor is blocked, which leads to a great deal of frustration and tension, and therefore higher levels of crime and juvenile delinquency. The conflict theory is a theoretical perspective that holds that there are ...

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  • Criminal Justice, Elizabeth City State University
  • Master of Public Administration, North Carolina Central University
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