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Issues in the social world

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Would you help me get started with the following topics:

1. How do stereotypes distort or misrepresent reality?
2. What is problematic about the metaphorical words that relate to female sexuality?
3. Why doesn't the claim that no harm is meant by the use of ethnic slang terms excuse their use?

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https://brainmass.com/sociology/criminology-law-deviance-and-punishment/issues-in-the-social-world-315483

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RESPONSE:

1. How do stereotypes distort or misrepresent reality?

A "stereotype" is a generalization about a person or group of persons. Generalizations are not based on reality as we develop stereotypes when we are unable or unwilling to obtain all of the information we would need to make fair judgments about people or situations. What a person does is that in the absence of information to form the "total or true picture," stereotypes act, in many cases, in a way that allows the person to "fill in the blanks." In this way, stereotypes either distort or misrepresent reality. In fact, society can innocently create and perpetuates stereotypes, but these stereotypes often lead to unfair discrimination and persecution when the stereotype is unfavorable. We often use these stereotypes learned through our society to fill in the blanks, which often misrepresent the person or group of people that it pertains to "Jews are all cheap" "All black people are musical" " females are weak and passive" and so on. This distorts and misrepresents reality. (http://remember.org/guide/History.root.stereotypes.html) Other stereotypes arise out of fear of persons ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides advice in tackling the questions in relation to reality, metaphors and slang as used in the social world (see problems 1-3 above).

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Understanding the Social World

Your department was just given a new project to pilot and rollout to your organization. The project involves assembling a cross-organizational team that will be given the responsibility for reviewing different payroll systems that Faraday Enterprises can use, and choosing the best payroll system to implement.

You've chosen Susan, a salaried employee and Project Manager, to lead this effort. Her responsibilities will be to assemble the team, identify potential software products, test them, and move forward with implementing the final decision.

While you know Susan is the perfect choice to lead this project, you also know that she'll be surprised you've picked her and that she might lack the confidence to manage this project successfully.

Knowing what you do about "the self-fulfilling prophecy" and the effect it may have from Susan's point of view, write a memo introducing her to the project and the role she will lead. Be sure to build into your memo information that will help Susan correctly understand her job, and convey your confidence in her that she will succeed in leading this project.

As part of your two to three page memo, address two of the following three mental strategies and shortcuts and how they may affect the group's decision in a negative way.

The availability heuristic
The representativeness heuristic
The anchoring and adjustment heuristic

Finally, identify for Susan two or more ways in which she could improve her thinking and her group's decisions so they arrive at the best possible outcome for their project. Be sure to use APA writing style and reference notation-including citations in your written text.

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