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    Drug Testing & the 4th Amendment

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    Is drug testing of students who participate in extracurricular activities permitted under the 4th Amendment? How and why?

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    https://brainmass.com/sociology/criminology-law-deviance-and-punishment/drug-testing-the-4th-amendment-319158

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    Drug Testing & the 4th Amendment

    "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."

    While the 4th Amendment protects citizens from unlawful searches and seizures. The key here is the word 'probable cause'. As long as there is probable cause and it can be backed up, the search and seizure under the 4th Amendment becomes constitutional and if detention ...

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    The solution is a concise 431-word narrative discussing the question stated in the original problem (Is drug testing of students who participate in extracurricular activities permitted under the 4th Amendment? How and why?). References are listed for the purpose of expansion/further research. A web version of the solution is attached for easy printing.

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