Select one of the challenges of Islam in the modern world. Research on the Internet how this challenge is being met in major Muslim societies today.
Here are ideas and sources so that you can write a good paper.
Check these out:
http://www.allamaiqbal.com/publications/journals/review/apr01/10.htm (this is a general introduction)
http://godlas.myweb.uga.edu/islamwest.html (this has specific issues, probably your best bet)
http://www.religion-online.org/showchapter.asp?title=3269&C=2708 (this one is about the debates between modernists and traditionalists in Islam)
http://www.zmo.de/dietrich/Germany%20and%20Islam.pdf (this is a great summary, though it deals mostly with Germany).
The above are all scholarly sources that you can use in your paper.
Let's pick one and throw out some ideas from the sources above:
Human Rights (can't get more modern than that)
See this article:
Human rights in Islam are granted by God, not states.
In the west, it seems that human rights are really creations of the state (or even the UN, which has no power). Western societies use human rights selectively.
A woman's chastity is a gift - it needs to be protected. This, of course, is not in the western human rights documents.
Sex is only between a man and his ...
The solution discusses the challenges of Islam in the modern world.