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The Faith of Islam

1. Discuss the major components and development of the faith of Islam from the life of Mohammad to the Sunni-Shiite split.

2. What are the major differences between the Muslim Sunni and Shitte sects and how does this their split influence modern Islamic relations in the Middle East and elsewhere?

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1. Discuss the major components and development of the faith of Islam from the life of Mohammad to the Sunni-Shiite split.

Muhammad was the religious and political leader of the Arabian Peninsula. He established a theocracy in which leadership was to be passed to his companion. Based on the Hijra, Abu Bakr, who took the title caliph, which meant successor on to the prophet, was assumed to be the leader. The caliph was to be Muhammad's successor in every way, except he could not change the religious beliefs. Muslims were to obey the caliphs—the same as being obedient to God. The caliph were to continue Muhammad work in spreading the faith. Muslims taught the five pillars of faith. The essence of the faith was explained in a concrete statement, "There was only one God, Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet". All the teachings of Muhammad were set down in the Quran- the Muslim holy book, which Muslims held was inspired by God, The Quran contained laws known as the five pillars of faith. The first and most important belief was to believe that there was only one God, Allah (Bucaille, 1979).

In theory, the Sunni believed that the leader ...

Solution Summary

This solution traces the development of the faith of Islam beginning with the life of Mohammad.

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