Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    History of Maccabean Revolt

    Not what you're looking for? Search our solutions OR ask your own Custom question.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    Could some explain to our Bible Study Group the history, origins and significant events of the Maccabean revolt. (please, in easy to understand terms)

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 4:58 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/religious-studies/christianity/history-maccabean-revolt-18729

    SOLUTION This solution is FREE courtesy of BrainMass!

    Your question is this: "Could some explain to our Bible Study Group the history, origins and significant events of the Maccabean revolt?"

    History

    Greek hegemony: Hellenism: Greek culture, called Hellenism was spreading all over the territory controlled by the Greeks. They not only conquered militarily, but they Hellenized the cultures which they dominated. Greek language became the dominant , official language of the Med. world. 70 Greek-style cities were constructed under Alexander. Worship of Greek deities was mandatory.

    Division of Alexander's empire: When Alexander died in 323 B.C., his four leading generals took control of the empire. The two of importance to Palestine and biblical history were Ptolemy and Seleucid. The Ptolemaic Empire was centered in Egypt. The last of his dynasty was Cleopatra, who died in 30 BC. The Seleucid Empire was centered in Syria. Antioch was its capitol. Its rulers were called Seleucus or Antiochus. This empire lasted until it was destroyed by Pompey of Rome in 64 BC.

    Greek attitudes toward Jewish religion: Jews resisted the cultural integration. Greeks viewed this as a problem. During the nearly 300 years of Greek domination of Palestine, Israel was a vassal state, with no political, military or religious autonomy. Developments in Judaism during this period are important if we are to understand the New Testament world. The Greeks were not sympathetic to the Jewish religion. The Seleucid kind Antiochus iv Epiphane (175-164 BC) made circumcision a capital offense and began to force pagan worship at the Jewish temple. Many Jews, including priests were participants in this paganism. Antiochus appointed high priests who would conduct pagan rituals, which included drunken parades in honor of Cacchus, ritual prostitution and sacrifice to Greek gods. In 168, a minor revolt among pious Jews took place. Greek countermeasures were quick in coming. The troops of Antioicus destroyed much of Jerusalem, killed and enslaved many of the men and children and desecrated the temple once again by offering the sacrifice of a pig on the alter, and reinforcing worship of pagan gods.

    Maccabean Revolt

    Resistance among the Jews came almost immediately. In the village of Modin, the Greeks tried to force a Jewish priest, named Matathias to offer pagan sacrifice. Mattathias refused. When another Jew stepped in to do the job, Mattathias killed him and the royal agent sent to place the demand. Mattathias then demolished the altar and fled to the mountains with his five sons. Many sympathizers joined them. Mattathias' family, known as the Hasmonians, and later the Maccabeeans, launched a guerrilla way against the Seleucid army (167 BC). For a short time, the Maccabeeans were able to reestablish worship in the Temple.

    This was a defining event in the history of Israel. The revolt allowed the Jews to enjoy religious freedom, a privilege that was also extended to them by the Romans. This will be of critical importance to the growth of the early Christian church. It is clear that the early Christians spread the message of Christ throughout the Roman empire with the understanding that Christianity is rooted in legal Judaism. For the last century BC and the first century AD, the Maccabean revolt distilled the religious and nationalistic passions of the Jews. They would never fully accept occupation by a foreign army. This both shaped their messianic expectation (later) and sealed their destruction.

    I hope this helps and take care.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 4:58 pm ad1c9bdddf>
    https://brainmass.com/religious-studies/christianity/history-maccabean-revolt-18729

    ADVERTISEMENT