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Theoretical Comparisons: Compare and Contrast

1. What is the comparison and contrast of the ideas of Gardner, Piaget and Vygotsky.
2. Which theorist best aligns with the way of how children learn.
3. What is a classroom or mental health practice that may be developed based on either Gardner, Piaget, or Vygotsky.
4. If there were to be a conversation between Gardner, Piaget and Vygotsky, what would they share with one another regarding the classroom or mental health practices of today?

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1. What is the comparison and contrast of the ideas of Gardner, Piaget and Vygotsky?


Researchers note that the changes that take place within stages of human growth and development are marked by the interaction of physical, cognitive, personality and social changes. These changes have emotional and social influences on human development. Research shows that there have many ways in which psychologists defined intelligence. The approach that people varied in their abilities to understand and influence other people was defined as emotional intelligence. Gardner (1983) rejected the traditional way of looking at intelligence. He held that individuals possessed "multiple intelligences:" Based on Gardner's theory, "All human beings have at least seven different intelligences—seven different ways of knowing about the world. These seven intelligences include: (a) knowing the world through language, (b) logical mathematical analysis, (c) spatial representation, (d) musical thinking,(e) bodily kinestics, (f) understanding of the self, (g) , and (i) understanding of others(Friedman & Schustack, 2006, p. 250.

These intelligences as paraphrased are explained in the following summary:

Visual-Spatial - indicates the ability to think in terms of physical space (e.g., drawing, verbal and physical imagery, environmental-oriented).
Bodily-kinesthetic - refers to the ability to use the body effectively and have a keen sense of body awareness (e.g., surgeon, doctor, dancer, etc.).
Musical - shows sensitivity to rhythm and sound, but have the ability to learn and/or study wit background music.
Interpersonal - indicates an understanding, and possessing the ability to interact with others. Students learn through interacting with others.
Intrapersonal - the individual understands his or her own interests and/or goals; and is in touch with his or her own inner feelings.
Linguistic - possessing the ability to use words effectively.
Logical -Mathematical - has the intellectual capacity to reason, calculate and solve problems. The individual is able to think conceptually and abstractly (Gardner's multiple intelligences).


Vygotsky theory of human development is a sociocultural cognitive theory that emphasizes how culture and social interaction affect cognitive development. Vygotsky held that children ...

Solution Summary

This solution compares and contrasts the theories of Gardner, Piaget and Vygotsky.