Compare and contrast basic theoretical positions of sigmund freud, carl Jung and describe the differences among perspectives concerning the causes and nature of human pscyhological functioning.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 21, 2019, 5:52 pm ad1c9bdddf
1. Compare and contrast basic theoretical positions of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and describe the differences among perspectives concerning the causes and nature of human psychological functioning.
Briefly, For Freud, human psychological functioning is caused by instincts and drives stored in unconscious, which were mostly sexual. In other words, instincts with sexual motivations caused all human psychological functioning aimed at pleasure.
Three premises in Freudian psychoanalysis:
1. most of the individual's mental processes are unconscious.
2. all human behavior is motivated ultimately by what we would call sexuality. The prime psychic force--libido, or sexual energy drives all human psychological functioning and behavior to meet these needs.
3. because of the powerful social taboos attached to certain sexual impulses, many of our desires and memories are repressed (http://www.eng.fju.edu.tw/Literary_Criticism/psychoanalysis/index.html).
?The actual nature of human psychological functioning is described in Freud's theory of personality (id, ego and super ego) and the unconscious, preconscious and conscious aspects of psychological functioning (see full detail of these function in the attached file on Freud's theory.docx).
*On the other hand, Jung argued that human psychological was caused by archetypes (not biological instincts, but cultural and spiritual) stored in the preconscious mind.
*Jung still had a place for Freud's sexual desires were one archetype Jung called the shadow, which was part of the unconscious, which needed to be integrated in therapy. The shadow causes all the "evil?things human beings are ...
Compares and contrasts basic theoretical positions of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and describe the differences among perspectives concerning the causes and nature of human psychological functioning. Supplemented with three articles for further comparisons.