Please choose and identify two models and/or theories that would most likely be used for this case, why you chose them, how each of the two models and/or theories you selected apply to the case study, how each might address the issues presented in the case study from a counseling standpoint, then analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each of the two models and/or theories you selected.
(1) Identify two models and/or theories that would most likely be used for this case, why you chose them, how each of the two models and/or theories you selected apply to the case study
This case reflects a problem with substance abuse. A variety of theoretical perspectives have been shown to have an association with the treatment of substance abuse and drinking (e.g., Cooper, May, Soderstrom & Jarjoura, 2009). In their study, Cooper et al examined behavioral attitudes about drug and alcohol use using the Social Learning Theory with delinquent incarcerated youth (N=800). Substance abuse and/or drinking are determined as acquired habits that are a combination of genetic, social, and behavioral factors. Thus, one theory that could be applied to the present case study is the Social Learning theory (Bandura, 1971). This theory is an aspect of cognitive behavioral theories focused on the interactionist approach to personality.As Cooper et al note, and based on the Social Learning theory, a person could be conditioned or reinforced to engage in a particular behavior. For example, many of the re-enforcers that lead to addiction are social in nature emerging from other people, and in the social environment.
*The Social Learning Theory applied to the Case Study of Jack
Relative to Jack's case his addiction has emerged as a result of defense mechanisms that include factors such as denial and projection. For instance, he is giving in to drinking as a way of dealing with his disability and has begun to blame others for his problems. Based on the Social Learning perspective, addiction is learned behavior that can be influenced by peer pressure, peer groups or social modeling. For example, the media plays a long role in providing the impression that drinking and or substance abuse is socially acceptable, and that it has rewards.
The Person-centered approach.
This solution discusses two theoretical models applied to a specific case study in 1042 words with three references.