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Identifying Stages of Development: Cognitive and Moral

Both Piaget's Model of Cognitive Development and Kohlberg's Model of Moral Development are outlined in stages, with one stage building off of the previous stage. Put yourself in the role of a parent, teacher and juvenile justice judge and then in each role identify why it would be necessary to understand the cognitive/moral stage from which a child is operating. What are the most important aspects these development models for a parent, teacher and judge to be aware of? Provide examples and be sure to include specific stage characteristics.

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Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

1. Sensory-Motor Stage
2. Preoperational
3. Concrete Operations
4. Formal Operations

Kohlberg's Model of Moral Development

1.Preconventional
i)Obedience & Punishment ii)Individualism, Instrumentalism
2.Conventional
i)Good boy/girl ii) law and order
3.Post-Conventional
i) social contract ii) Principled Conscience

Practical applications:

Example of Juvenile Justice Judge
i) The judge will need to know the cognitive ability of the child and moral reasoning ability of the child to determine degree of responsibility and sentencing. For instance, a teen is 15 years old and he is charged with assault with a weapon. This teen has demonstrated through testing and inquiring about his cognitive abilities at school and in the home and has a history of cognitive delays and learning disabilities. He struggles with deductive reasoning and abstract thinking. He is still a very concrete and rigid thinker. He also seems to be immature in his behavior and moral reasoning abilities and often needs affirmation from people around him. He cannot seem to make his own ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the importance of cognitive and moral reasoning models for judges, teachers and parents.

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