Purchase Solution

Personality Theories: A Comparison

Not what you're looking for?

Ask Custom Question

Break each of the personality theories down for comparison.
Discuss analytic, social, trait, biological, behavioral and learning, cognitive social learning, humanistic, and attachment.
For each of the theories I am looking for a brief description of:

Testing and measurement
Heuristic value
Compatibility and integration across all levels

Purchase this Solution

Solution Summary

This solution compares personality theories on testing measurement, parsimony, comprehensiveness, and compatibility and integration.

Solution Preview

Theories researched are: analytic, social, trait, biological, behavioral and learning, cognitive social learning, humanistic, and attachment.

(b) Analytic-theory emerging out of Sigmund Freud's scientific views of a divided mind to aid in understanding the rational and irrational aspect of human nature. Freud's (1905) work on the Theory of sexuality postulated that human nature was influenced primarily by unconscious sexual and aggressive drives. Based on the Freudian view, the mental place in which persons envisioned secret or sexual desires had several psychological consequences including: (a) threatened self-esteem, (b) resulted in anxiety and guilt, and (c) influenced conscious behaviors and thoughts.

Other significant contributors to the school of analytic theory were Carl Jung and Alfred Adler. Jung, who disagreed with Freud's emphasis on sex drives as the primary motivator in human behavior developed an analytical psychology based on "collective unconscious". Jung believed that in addition to a personal unconscious consisting of childhood repressed memories, that humans possess collective unconscious that is expressed through culture, art , religion and universal archetypes (Archer & McCarthy, 2007.p.24).

Adler's "individual" psychology held that a person's perceptions are based on his or her view of reality. In other words, an individuals' view of the world is constructed based on his or her personal view. He argued against Freudian forces (e.g., id, ego and super ego), which he called counterproductive.

*Formal Assessment is utilized with analytic techniques, such as projective assessment techniques. Projective assessments inventories ask clients to respond to ambiguous stimuli in efforts to gain insight into the unconscious. Scoring and interpreting test result consists of making complex evaluations based on the client's reaction to the stimuli. The basic goal of analytic approaches is to address an immediate conflict. Psychoanalysis primarily utilizes scientific approaches to assessment.
Integration: According to Archer & McCarthy (2005), many of the theories that developed after Freud's psychodynamic theories can be integrated with other approaches. For example, they assert that Beck's Cognitive Behavior therapy has some components that fit well with psychoanalysis. Although the Freudian Theory of psychoanalysis has been altered, it is still in use (e.g.,Objects Relation Theory). Object Relations Theory has been integrated with concepts of spirituality and group psychotherapy.

(c) Social

Social theories emphasize the importance of the connection between social forces and biology. Social psychologists seek to understand human behavior from the perspective of the individual's environment (Sherman, 2010). For example, he asserts that neuroscience research derives information form neural activity, and associates it with psychological phenomena to explain human activity and behavior. Similarly, other social theories such as the ...

Purchase this Solution

Free BrainMass Quizzes
Theories of Work Motivation

This quiz tests the student's understanding of the major theories of work motivation from an organizational behavior perspective.

Motion Perception

This quiz will help students test their understanding of the differences between the types of motion perception, as well as the understanding of their underlying mechanisms.

Health Psychology

This quiz speaks to the general concepts, themes, and terminology associated with the field of health psychology.

Developmental Psychology

This quiz explores the concepts, theories and key terminology associated with human psychological development.

Role of Memory in Learning

This quiz addresses the role of memory in the learning process. The quiz differentiates between the different types of memory that facilitate learning.