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Humanistic/Person-centered Theories

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Offer a brief review that compares and contrasts Person-Centered Therapy and Gestalt Therapy. In your review, be sure to address the following points:
Key concepts/unique attributes Historical/contextual development of the theory (if relevant)
Role of the therapist
Research support for the theory

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A brief review that compares and contrasts Person-Centered Therapy and Gestalt Therapy. In your review, be sure to address the following points:

(A).The person-centered approach was popularized by Carl Rogers (1979). Rogers' emphasis was on the centrality of the therapeutic alliance (i.e. the relationship between the client and the therapist), and he was one of the first psychologists to emphasize the self in therapeutic intervention. (Truscott, 2010). According to Rogers, people are not controlled by unconscious and environmental forces, but are motivated by purpose and meaning in life. From the perspective of the person-centered approach, the person is viewed as engaging in a life-long search, toward an inner goal, which is the understanding of the self. Rogers valued subjected experience as the key to effective counseling. According to Truscott, Rogers was phenomenological in his approach to understanding the client, and held a disdain for empirical approaches and scientific methodologies to counseling.

Key concepts/unique attributes include the following:
(a) Basic trust in the client's ability to move towards fostering growth.
(b) People are considered trustworthy, resourceful, and capable of self-direction.
(c) Therapists' attributes involve creating a growth-promoting climate in which individuals can progress and become.

What they are capable of becoming such as: (1) showing genuine concern, (2) holding unconditional positive regard (i.e,d acceptance and caring), (3) expressing empathy ...

Solution Summary

This solution compares Gestalt and person-centered theories

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Integrate a humanistic/person-centered approach.

Name: Patrick Gender: Male Age: 33

Ethnicity: Caucasian Religion: None

Relationship Status: Divorced

Description of Presenting Issue:
Patrick is a firefighter who was present at the September 11 collapse of the World Trade Center. Several of his colleagues were killed on that day despite Patrick's heroic efforts to rescue them. Patrick received serious burns and has scars on his face and arms. Since September 11, he has experienced considerable anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and hyper vigilance, as well as intrusive and recurrent images of the towers collapsing. He has found it difficult to fight fires in tall buildings since that time and has become detached from his work. This has left him feeling very isolated because his colleagues at the fire station are his only friends. Patrick has been a loner as long as he can remember. Although he often fantasizes about having close friends, he is fearful that others would reject him if they came to know him well, and so he tends to reject others before they have the chance to reject him. He views himself as having poor social skills and rarely risks meeting new people.

Occupation History: Patrick became a firefighter in his early twenties. Prior to September 11th, he was very happy with his career choice.

Education History: Patrick graduated high school with honors. He briefly considered military service upon graduation, but was eager to begin work as a firefighter.

Medical History: Aside from the injuries suffered at work, Patrick is in good health. He maintains a regular exercise regime for his job.

Family History: Patrick had an older brother who was killed in an automobile accident when Patrick was 6. His parents divorced shortly after the death of his brother, and his mother remarried a man who had two daughters from a previous marriage. Patrick married shortly after high school graduation, but the relationship ended the subsequent year due to mutual dissatisfaction with the marriage. He is not currently dating.

Alcohol / Substance Use: Patrick drinks 3ââ?¬"4 times per week, 3ââ?¬"5 drinks per occasion. He does not smoke or use illegal substances.

1.a brief summary of the strengths and weaknesses of using a humanistic/person-centered approach in working with Patrick. Be sure to provide evidence to support your decision.

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