The attached is a message posted by Jamie, a "student" in an online introductory psychology class (the instructor has not heard from her previously on this issue). How might one respond to Jamie in order to improve her level of self-efficacy and how might the theories of self-efficacy support the approach. (see attached message from Jamie).
Jamie: I am so confused by this class. I read and reread the assignments, but I just don't get it. I really don't think the instructor likes me, (he or she) just isn't giving clear instructions, and the book is so hard. Does anyone else feel this way?
Bandura (1986, p. 391) defines self-efficacy as "Perceived self-efficacy is defined as people's judgments of their capabilities to organize and execute courses of action required to attain designated types of performance."
"Thus, self-efficacy is based on expectations of what one can do and has been conceptualized as an important aspect of perceived control. For example, the expectation that one can successfully solve specific math problems is an efficacy judgment. In this case it is not a judgment of whether a person feels competent in mathematics in general but a judgment of how strongly the person believes that he or she can successfully carry out required ...
This solution provides an overview of self-efficacy and how one can increase his or her self-efficacy.