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Self efficacy and Motivation

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Schultz, D. P., & Schultz, S. E. (2008). Theories of personality (9th ed.). Florence, KY: Wadsworth/Cengage. (and an additional article)

From behavioral perspective:

-What is the relationship between self-efficacy and motivation?
-What are the roles of self-efficacy and motivation in the counseling process? How are they relevant?

From the constructs of social-learning perspective:

-What is the relationship between self-efficacy and motivation?
-What are the roles of self-efficacy and motivation in the counseling process? How are they relevant>

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Solution Summary

This solutin discussed the relationship between self-efficacy and motivaiton.

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Self-efficacy is a belief or expectancy regarding how competently one will be able to perform a behavior in a particular situation (Bandura, 1977 as cited in Bandura, 2007). Based on Bandura's postulates on self-efficacy, the concept is based upon three primary premises: (a) whether an individual tries to act at all, (b) how long they persist in the face of difficulty or failure, and (c) how success and failure affects one's behavior. Motivation involves goal-directed behavior. Motivational theories are based upon motives such as needs, drives, desires, and /or wants (Schwarzer, Lippke, & Luszczynska, 2011).

From behavioral perspective:

(1) What is the relationship between self-efficacy and motivation?

The relationship between self-efficacy and motivation is based upon the assumption that one's perceptions and beliefs have the power to influence expectances or outcomes. Self-efficacy holds that one has the ability to exercise control over events in his or her life. For example, a person's ability to perform well in school is related to his or her self-efficacy. Motivation related to behavior comes from internal processes in which the learner is able to perform a particular task of achieve a specific goal. As an example, in their study, Schwarzer et al (2011) examined mechanisms of health behavior change in persons with chronic illness or disability. They focused on self-efficacy and motivation from the perspective that people with chronic illness or disability can utilize behavioral change as an effective strategy to prevent further morbidity and mortality. The researchers utilized a theory of health behavior to explain how to predict and improve self-regulation of individuals and optimize their treatment.

For instance, based on the theory, health behavior change consists of an ordered set of stages which people can be classified that reflect cognitive or behavioral characteristics. According to Schwarzer et al (2011), self-efficacy operates in concert with positive outcome ...

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