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Formal and Informal Resolutions to Ethical Dilemmas

Can someone help me by providing examples of one formal and one informal ethical resolution to the ethical issue below and why they are formal or informal as well as what perhaps is the potential outcomes of both types of resolutions. Also, which would be the most appropriate in resolving this ethical dilemma and why?

Ethical Issue:

A school psychologist completed a report summarizing her assessment of a child whose test results did not meet diagnostic criteria for serious emotional disturbance. Several days later, she learned that the principal of her school had forwarded to the superintendent of schools only those parts of the assessment report that supported having a serious emotional disturbance. The psychologist asked the principal to send the entire report, explaining the ethical issues involved (Standard 1.03, Conflict between Ethics and Organizational Demands).

Solution Preview

1) Can someone help me by providing examples of one formal and one informal ethical resolution to the ethical issue below and why they are formal or informal as well as what perhaps is the potential outcomes of both types of resolutions.

(a) A formal definition is based on the American Psychological Association's (APA) Standards of Ethics—Standard 1.03. This standard states "If the demands of an organization with which psychologists are affiliated, or for whom they are working conflicts with this Ethics code, psychologists clarify the nature of the conflict, make known that commitment to the Ethics Code, and to the extent feasible, resolve the conflict in a way that permits adherence to the Ethics code (APA. 2002).

Example: A superintendent of schools wanted a psychologist to take the role of the Title IX officer to evaluate and enforce school rules regarding student to student and faculty student sexual harassment. In his professional role, the psychologist evaluated and counseled students. Thus, he explains that taking a role as a ...

Solution Summary

This solution describes formal and informal ethical resolutions to specific ethic dilemmas based the Ethics Code of Conduct.

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