Share
Explore BrainMass

Sleep Disorders

Describe and briefly discuss four different causes of insomnia: sleeping pills, sleep apnea, myoclonus, and restless legs. Include references.

Solution Preview

Sleeping pills basically help increase sleep initiation but cause side effects such as decreased sleep time, light sleep, and addiction. The most commonly prescribed types of drugs for insomnia are Benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic drugs, while inducing unconsciousness can actually worsen sleep as they promote light sleep while decreasing time spent in deep sleep. Additionally, regular use of short-acting sleep aids for insomnia, create daytime rebound anxiety. There are also drugs categorized as Non-benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic drugs which are more modern and work on the gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) receptors, and interestingly enough helps the patient get better sleep because they work on the architecture of sleep that are the stages of sleep referred to as N1, N2, N3. (1) These stages of sleep are necessary for optimal physiological and physical functions such as awareness, energy, and proper thought process ...

Solution Summary

The most commonly prescribed types of drugs for insomnia are Benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic drugs, while inducing unconsciousness can actually worsen sleep as they promote light sleep while decreasing time spent in deep sleep. Additionally, regular use of short-acting sleep aids for insomnia, create daytime rebound anxiety. There are also drugs categorized as Non-benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic drugs which are more modern and work on the gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) receptors, and interestingly enough helps the patient get better sleep because they work on the architecture of sleep that are the stages of sleep referred to as N1, N2, N3.

$2.19