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Mimicking Psychological Disorders

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Discuss an example of how medical conditions might mimic psychological disorders. Then explain two ways you might minimize instances of misdiagnosing a medical condition as a psychological disorder. Finally, explain actions you might take within your scope of personal competency if you suspect a medical condition and why.

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There is a huge list of medical conditions (and I mean physical issues here), can look like a manifestation of a mental or behavioral symptom. Hypertension, Meningitis, Seizure disorders, hypoxia and anemia are just a few. The general concept is that, if complaints of behavioral symptoms are also accompanied by specific physical problems, then a physical cause might be at work. For example, depression and anemia together might suggest a vitamin B12 deficiency. Referral to a specialist then is the only rational option.

In the DSM, the basic clinical recommendation is that all complaints of behavioral problems include a full medical history of the patient. This might, of itself, stop misdiagnoses before it begins.

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How Medical Conditions Mimic Psychological Disorders

Can someone help me with an example of how medical conditions might mimic psychological disorders? I also have to explain two ways to minimize instances of misdiagnosing a medical condition as a psychological disorder. In addition, I have to explain what actions I might take within the scope of personal competency if I do suspect a medical condition and why.

I know that when diagnosing a client with a particular psychological pathology or disorder, it is essential to consider whether the client has a medical condition. At times, medical conditions may contribute to a person's psychological disorder. For example, someone who is premenopausal might experience mood swings or depression. To effectively treat a person, a psychologist must address both the medical and psychological aspects of their condition. With many factors to consider, psychologists must be careful to address the symptoms of disorder accurately. I know that a psychologist's personal scope of competency is related to a client's diagnosis and it is critical in order to effectively address other diagnostic factors to other providers.

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