Before answering this question, let us look at what differential reinforcement and antecedent control mean. In behaviour modification, we refer to differential reinforcement as rewarding only the desired responses/behaviours. This means that all other behaviours and responses are ignored. When a child throws a tantrum at the supermarket, demanding for a candy bar, for example, his caregiver can choose to ignore this behaviour instead of reacting to it (as this attention may be perceived as rewarding to the child). When the child realizes that throwing a tantrum results in a non-response from his caregiver, he may try an alternative behaviour of asking for a candy bar. When the child ...
This paper provides examples of the use of antecedent control and differential reinforcement in behavior modification. Why it is important to use differential reinforcement in conjunction with antecedent control procedures.