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    Antecedent Interventions: Behavioural Change in Drug Abuse

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    Describe two separate behaviours that would be good candidates for the use of an antecedent intervention through either the use of Non-Contingent Reinforcement (NCR) or the High Probability Request Sequence (HPRS). For each behaviour, discuss the specifics of how you would use the antecedent intervention to change the behaviour, and include details regarding whether or not the method of change which you selected used either abolishing operations or establishing operations, and why. Finally, describe how unintended consequences may arise when using antecedent interventions, any ethical considerations that are unique to these approaches to behaviour change, and why these methods of change are often combined with other intervention strategies.

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    Antecedent behaviour change strategies occur under single terms such as: (a) antecedent procedures, (b) antecedent control, (c) antecedent manipulations, and (d) antecedent interventions. Negative Contingency Reinforcement (NCR) is an intervention that consists of presenting with stimulus with known reinforcement principles (e.g., positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, or automatic reinforcement). High Probability Request Sequence (HPRS) are designed to occur with regularity, be of short duration, and receive compliance (www.quizlet.com). The two behaviours that can be utilized for this method is as follows:

    (A) Smoking Addiction [Substance Abuse]

    The term reinforcement is drawn from Skinner's (1948 as cited in Ruz, 1995) concept of operant conditioning. A conceptual understanding of reinforcement techniques and/or procedures is that all forms of human behaviour is reported to be explained by strengthening or weakening behaviour, or by reinforcement or punishment Ruz, 1995). An example of an antecedent intervention based on this concept involves behavioural modification for problems such as drug abuse and/or smoking cessation. Consider a behavioural modification plan to stop smoking. Self-control is required to overcome the lapses that can occur between the smoking of a cigarette and the immediate gratification that comes with the smoking of another cigarette. Relative to reinforcement methods, the adverse health consequences of smoking could help change the habit. For example, the specific (or target) behaviour is to abolish the smoking habit.

    Thus, using positive reinforcement, which are given whenever the individual elects not to smoke a cigarette. Lamb & Kirby (2010). Over ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution discusses Antecedent Interventions (NCR) and (HPSR) applied to behavioral change for drug abuse and smoking cessation.