Need help with the following scenario understanding. I need references to review for information as well.
William is a 44-year old project manager for a large commercial construction firm. He started out as a gifted carpenter who greatly enjoyed designing and building custom furniture. However, after several promotions, he focuses on bringing in new business. He spends many work hours at his computer or on the telephone. He is divorced and rarely sees his two daughters. In recent years, he has gained weight and is displeased with his appearance, but has no interest in or energy for exercise. He does not sleep well because he worries about business problems at night. He was recently diagnosed with high blood pressure. Although he is financially secure, he rarely takes vacations or socializes outside of the office. He has begun to feel that his life is pointless.
1. Help in understanding William's situation from the perspective of traditional psychology. What information would be most important? What conclusions and recommendations might be made by a psychologist working from the disease model?
2. Help in understanding William's situation from the perspective of positive psychology. What information would be most important? What conclusions and recommendations might be made by a psychologist working from the positive psychology model?
Simply put, the disease model focuses on what is wrong with a person and positive psychology focuses on what is right. I will talk about the models first, then about William. I am adding some general references for you,
Psychologists who work from the disease model focus on problems. Here are some of the basic concepts.
1. Diseases have a predictable course, and they respond predictably to treatment.
2. It is important to focus on signs (what the psychologist sees) and symptoms (what the patient complains about)
3. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis based on the signs and symptoms.
4. The diagnosis is based on diagnostic criteria that are found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association, 5th edition (DSM 5).
5. Once the diagnosis is made, a treatment plan is developed to address the specific problems that patient is having. For each problem, a goal is determined. For each goal, specific behaviors are prescribed by the psychologist for the patient to carry out.
Psychologists who work from the perspective of Positive Psychology focus on resilience. Here are some of the basic concepts
1. Resilience ...
This article compares psychological treatment using the disease model to positive psychology, with a case example.