Select a population that is vulnerable, infants, teens,homeless, elderly, mentally ill, immigrants, victims of violence, pick a disease for one of these populations, influenza, hiv, hpv, hepatitis, diabetes, cancer, heart fisease, obesity, pregnancy, drug abuse. define epidemiology. Review routine research data(medical and health records; review routine data(demographics, census, birth, death, surveillance records); epidemiological triangle, explain the type of epidemiology uses for your topic(descriptive or analysis) describe the relationship of the disease to various levels of prevention.
As per your request, I have done a layout on how to address the epidemiological study and found links to background information that will help you get the material needed.
Unless you have a special interest if you have to do an epidemiological study for school, the logical way to select a population that is vulnerable and the disease, is to find the one that there is enough background data to do the analysis. You have to consider that epidemiology is "the study of how disease is distributed in populations and of the factors that influence or determine this distribution"(Gordis, 2000, p.3); therefore enough information on environmental data should be also available.
A longer definition states that epidemiology is "the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations and the application of this study to control of health problems"(Gordis, 2000, p.3). This definition gives also a purpose or objective to collecting data.
The vulnerable population selected: teens
Disease for one this population: HIV
The epidemiology analysis and intervention/prevention planning are facilitated by the use of the epidemiology triangle. The triangle describes the relationship of the disease to various levels of prevention. Each corner of the triangle serves a purpose: 1) agent or what causes the disease, what alters the health, 2)host or who is harboring or causing the disease, 3) environment or those external factors that cause or allow the disease transmission (the where).
Once those are defined, prevention/intervention management can be plan in any of the sides cutting the epidemiological connections in the triangle.
For this study, it will be helpful to include a triangle that illustrate the following: the host a teens (ages 13 to 19); the agent which is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); and the environment that could be defined as socio-economical factors, sexual behaviors including use of condoms, or illegal use activities.
To start your analysis you need to explain the incidence of the disease and how it has behaved in the last years.
I have attached the PDF named SurveillanceAdolescentHVI2006. This pdf can give you the data up to now on
a) percentages of ...
The solution provides guidance on how to address an epidimiological study on a selected population. The vulnarable population selected was the teens and its relation to the incidence of AIDS or exposure to HIV. It uses the epidemiological triangle to explain how the environment interact and the prevention strategies planned. It provides links to background information and prevention programs to help the student complete the discussion of the study.