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Twelve-Step Groups

1. Positive arguments for twelve-step groups?
2. What are some negative arguments against twelve-step groups?
3. What individual would best benefit from this group?

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(1). Positive arguments for twelve-step groups?

Based on the research twelve-step group have a foundation based on one of the most widely used models of substance abuse treatment (Ouimette, Finney, & Moos, 1997). Ouitmette et al present research that suggests the 12-step approach helps to understand the etiology, treatment and recovery from substance abuse. It is a self-help approach that encourages individuals to accept addiction, an identity (i.e., as an abuser), and abstinence as the treatment goal. Most 12-step programs are based on a model in which substance abuse and/or alcoholism is viewed as a disease. According to Ouimette et al, ?A fundamental assumption is that ?substance abuse is the result of an underlying biological or psychological vulnerability that leads to loss of control of the abuse substance? or alcoholism (P. 231). The person is expected to become involved in 12-step activities that include: (a) going to meetings, (b) obtaining a sponsor, and (c) following the steps.

Thus, the positive arguments for participating in 12-step groups include being involved and committed to the program. In addition, Freimuth (2008) assert that psychotherapists have suggested that having dual involvement in psychotherapy and a 12-step program is also beneficial. For instance, when persons are enrolled in a 12-step program it can help the psychotherapeutic process when dynamic issues are discussed within the group.. Further, Freimuth asserts that the 12-step ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the positives and negatives of twelve-step groups.