1. To the best of your knowledge what does research indicate might be the cause and the recommended psychotherapy treatment for an individual who is suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?
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On Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
According to Helpguide (2016), "Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and repetitive, ritualized behaviors you feel compelled to perform. If you have OCD, you probably recognize that your obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational—but even so, you feel unable to resist them and break free. Like a needle getting stuck on an old record, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) causes the brain to get stuck on a particular thought or urge." It is normal to double check things. For example, before you go to bed at night, just to be sure, you check if you have locked your doors. But it is not normal to check so many times beyond that in that it rules all your thoughts. For OCD sufferers, they may check it 20 times before they can go to bed in that no matter what they do, they cannot shake the thought of. These thoughts are unwanted and interfere with daily life. Often we hear people say 'I'm OCD' to explain a bit of obsession in keeping the house clean for example. But this is not really what OCD as a form of anxiety is about - it is far more disruptive and irrational the person suffering from it can feel like they have lost control of their thoughts, of their lives altogether.
So what causes OCD? There are 2 words that highlight this ...
The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of obsessive-compulsive disorder, it's causes and treatment. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.