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Research Approaches

The three general research approaches to the study of personality are clinical, experimental, and correlational. For this discussion:

•Briefly describe the criteria for each of the research approaches: clinical, experimental, and correlational.
•Select a recent article (from within the past five years) that focuses on a personality research study and is published in the Journal of Personality. Use the Capella library to search for articles in this journal.
•Identify the main aspects of the study article you located in the library and the research approach to which it relates.
•Explain how the selected study meets the criteria for the research approach.
•Be sure to use APA style to cite and reference your article.

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Research Approaches:

The three general research approaches to the study of personality are clinical, experimental, and correlational. For this discussion:

(1) Briefly describe the criteria for each of the research approaches: clinical, experimental, and correlational.

(a) Based on the experimental method, information is observed by following the rules and guidelines of the scientific method. The application of the scientific method takes place in a laboratory setting. The experiment is a procedure treatments and/or observations on the effects of a treatment; and analyzing the results using statistical procedures. These procedures based on the scientific method involve" (a) a hypothesis an educated guess regarding the outcome of specific phenomena, (b) identifying the variables (i.e., independent and dependent variables); (c) select subjects or targets, (d) assign to groups for testing, (e) manipulate the variables, (f) measure the variables effect, and (h) analyze the results using statistical procedures.

(b) The clinical method refers to information that was obtained from results that took place in a clinical setting. It could be data from interviews, mental examinations, medical reports, test results and/or evaluations, or diagnostic testing and assessment.
(c) The correlational method examines the relationship between two or more objects or events. Correlation helps to predict behavior, and although it does not indicate causation, correlation can relates indirectly to causation. Correlation indicates a strong or weak relationship between two variables (Mitchell & Jolley, 2005).

(2) Select a recent article (from ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses research approaches to personality assessment.

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