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Philosophy of Science and Research Approaches

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Aligning Philosophies of Science with Research Approaches/The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods:
Constructivism, Critical Theory, Empiricism, Interpretivism, and Positivism/ Research Design
Creswell has aligned certain philosophies of science with each of the three research approaches: Qualitative approaches-constructivist; Quantitative approaches-postpositivist and Mixed Methods approaches-pragmatic.

To what extent do you agree with Creswell's alignment of these philosophies with these approaches? How flexible is such alignment? For example, can a qualitative approach ever be postpositivist? With which approaches would you align empiricism, interpretivism, and critical theory? For example, does empiricism align with a quantitative approach, a qualitative approach, a mixed methods approach, or more than one approach? How would you support your choices of alignment?

Please give current references.

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Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tacking the task (see above) on the topic of the philosophies of science and research approaches. An outline is suggested and resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.

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Dear Student,
I have completed a solution on this very topic before and my analysis and advice as to the subject remains. I suggest making a simple solution with this outline:

1. On Creswell and his thoughts - 100 words
2. Alignment 1 - 100 words
3. Alignment 2 - 100 words
4. Alignment 3 - 100 words
5. You opinion - 100 words

This outline should provide you with what you need. Just let me know if you need further clarification. You can also use the listed resources to further explore the topic. All the best.

AE 105878/Xenia Jones


On Creswell

John Creswell (2003) proposes that while there are various methodologies on employ the scientific field, they find alignment in their purpose. He acknowledges that problems in science are unique so that suitability of methods in research design becomes an issue. But in most cases, where quantification and description/exploration is essential to understanding a problem, the best approach is to mix elements of quantitative and qualitative approaches to design the method of the research so as to achieve the best results. As such, he espouses mixed methods above all. Creswell is all about exploring the question of science and imposing scientific practice in the conduct of research. Interrelatedness to him shows in the alignment of the methods for a pragmatic result.

Alignment 1

For ...

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  • MPhil/PhD (IP), Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • MA, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • Certificate, Geva Ulpan (via Universita Tel Aviv)
  • BA, University of the Philippines
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