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Personality: Beyond Traits and Nature

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Good morning:

I am wondering if I can help in comparing cultural influences based on personality trait development using the Big Five model as the basis of the comparison. I have to also examine the culture and describe how the selected culture of origin expects individuals to exhibit the Big Five traits. Then I have to compare such culture with another culture and describe how the second culture expects individuals to exhibit the Big Five traits.

Discuss how the universal personality traits express differently in each culture. I also need an additional 3 peer-reviewed articles for References.

Thank you in advance for your time.

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The trait theory began with formulations and/or beliefs on the effect of Temperament that affect the traits or descriptors in describing individual differences. The conceptualization of temperament was viewed as consisting of biological and emotional processes (Friedman & Schuster, 2006). Traits that varies throughout one's life span reflect how a person perceives him or herself and life, or the situation at a given point in life. Both temperament and traits shows stability and change overtime (Friedman & Schuster, 2005). Thus, in the assessment of traits and temperament, the Five Factor Model or the "Big Five" was developed that was comprised of five dimensions of the personality to include temperaments of: (a) Extraversion, (b) Neuroticism, (c) Conscientiousness, (d) Agreeableness, and (e) Openness to Experience.
Neuroticism referred to aspects of adjustment and emotional stability, Openness described experiences (e.g., imagination, aesthetic sensitivity, attentiveness, inner feelings, etc.). Agreeableness explained a dimension of interpersonal tendencies (e.g., altruism and sympathy, and Conscientiousness suggests tendencies to plan and organize (Groth-Marnat, 2003). These dimensions consisted of items that measured traits in both children and adults.

* Big Five Model

. A Revised NEO Personality (NEO-PI-R, Costa & McCrae, 1992a) developed as a Personality Inventory consisting of the assessment of "Big Five" dimensions of personality, and facets that defined each domain. The Five- Factor model (FFM) of personality was derived from descriptions of the English language and applied to factor analysis (MacDonald, 1998). According to Terriccano & McCrae (2006), the FFM was also used to describe individual differences based on cultural languages.

*Some Cultural Comparisons

Cross-cultural comparisons are primarily based of behavior with regard to Big Five criteria. In their article, Terriccano and McCrae (2006) presented scores based on the Big Five trait dimensions involving Asian and African samples that met a cut-off criteria for having a personality disorder (PD). The Asian and African samples revealed a lower propensity for the PD; whereas, European, American and Australian ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the Big Five Trait model in the context of culture