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critique of Freud's model of personality

Provide a critique of Freud's model of personality. (at least 300-400 words) References please.

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To help you with the critique, let's go through Freud's theory. I also attached some extra information for further reading.


1. Provide a critique of Freud's model of personality.

Freud's proposal of psychosexual development set the groundwork for how he believed our personalities developed. During each stage, Freud argued that different psychic energy and driving forces (sexual and aggressive drives) play an essential role in how people develop and interact with the world. However, it was one of the five overall elements of his overall personality theory. Freud also proposed two other models of personality: a structural (id, ego and superego) and a topographical model (unconscious, conscious and preconscious). Some of Freud's ideas have been later challenged, especially about the sexual drive, driving personality development (Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, 2004).

The five stages of psychosexual development included the oral (0-18 months), anal (18 months - 3 1/2 years), phallic (3 1/2 years - 6 years), latency (6 years - puberty) and genital (puberty - adulthood). According to Freud, the infant is overflowing with energy (libido; psychic energy). Psychic energy is essential to Freud's theory of personality. The structure of the mind (id, ego and superego) and development at each stage revolve around how the person attempts to deal with psychic energy. Raw libinal impulses (id, stored in the unconscious) provide the basic fuel for the mind, according to Freud. At each stage, the infant's, then the child's, the adolescent's, and adult's energy gets focused on certain objects of gratification. For example, Freud believed that as development occurs the baby begins to focus on one object (sucking, food: mother's breast) then another, as the infant's focus shifts the style and type of gratification being sought changes (Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital, 2004). Each stage has a physical focus for release of physic energy, a psychological theme/crisis and a related adult character that can evolve due to fixation at any one stage.

For example, the Oral Stage (0-18 months) has a focus for the psychic energy, psychological theme and adult character, including:

? Physical focus: mouth, lips tongue (sucking). Sucking is the primary ...