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Theories of Personality

Define the behavioral, neo-analytic, and humanistic personalities. Explain relations between personality and culture. Which theory accounts for cultural influences on personality best? Worst?

Example:

Neo-Analytic perspective -- (BEST) I do not think that as it was originally designed to be culturally sensitive.

Biological -- Completely not applicable to cultural differences.

Humanistic -- (WORST). Life is all about what the individual can attain, both temporally and emotionally.

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1. Define the behavioral, neo-analytic, and humanistic personalities. Explain relations between personality and culture. Which theory accounts for cultural influences on personality best? Worst?

1) Behavioral Theory of Personality

According to Carver and Scheier (2000), the behavioral and learning perspective lies at the 'nurture' end of the nature-nurture debate. In terms of the person-situation debate, the learning perspective lies at the 'situation' end of the spectrum. Personality, from this point of view is an accumulated set of learned tendencies over a lifetime (Carver & Sheier, 2000). The learning perspective draws on the traditions of behaviorism as well as social psychology. Concepts you may have heard of relating to the social learning perspective include 'modeling', 'reinforcement', 'social norms', etc. This perspective also implies that personality is "susceptible to molding, grinding, and polishing by the events that from the person's unique and individual history" (Carver & Scheier, 2000, p. 311). http://wilderdom.com/personality/L9-0LearningPerspectivesPersonality.html

The underlying assumption of the behavioral and learning perspective is that all behavior is learned through experiences and by interaction with the environment. The behavioral and learning perspective views a person as entering the world as a tabula rasa (blank slate), although it acknowledges that there are instincts and pre-set responses to stimuli, as well as a preference for pleasure and a desire to avoid pain. Primarily, however, the behavioral and learning perspective differ from perspectives that propose that a person is born ...

Solution Summary

This solution defines the behavioral, neo-analytic, and humanistic personalities. It also explains relations between personality and culture, and which theory accounts for cultural influences on personality best and the worst.

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