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Ecstasy (Molly) Drug Use

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MDMA is Molly and Molly is the ingredients or active drug ecstasy, but in a more pure form. MDMA is empathogenic drug of amphetamine and phenethylamine classes of drugs. MDMA was not created to become a popular street drug it was used to treat depression originally.

1) Identify rates of use and populations affected by using this drug.
2)a. Discuss the regions of the brain affected by this drug. b. How does this drug alter brain chemistry?

Molly rates of use- The 2010 U.N. World Drug report estimated that around 10 to 25 million people use molly at least once a year.
- Populations affected by using this drug "Molly".
- Regions of the brain affected by "Molly"
- How does "Molly" alter brain chemistry?

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Solution Preview

(1) Characterized as a potent relative of amphetamine is 3.4-methylenodioxmethamphetamine (MDMA, or ecstasy), which is "meth" taken orally. Molly, street name for the drug MDMA is the drug in powered form, and is a stimulant described with long-term adverse effects on serotonergic and dopaminergic neurons (Ricauret et al., 2002 as cited in Pinel, 2006). Based on one survey, "Monitoring the Future" in a report by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NDIA 2001 a sited in the Drug Enforcement Agency [DEA].org, 2014), data is revealed to suggest that the drug is most popular among teen-agers and young adults. The NDIA's survey shows that eighth, tenth, and twelfth grade students (ranging in ages 14, 16 and 18) nationally were the heavy users of MDMA (NIDA, as cited in DEA.org, 2014). For example, based on NIDA (2001) statistics, at the 12th grade level, Hispanic students were slightly more likely than white students (13.1% vs. 12.4%) to have tried MDMA, while only a small number of black students (3.1%) experienced the drug. In addition, rates of drug use by black teenagers were reported at a much lower rate than for whites in almost all categories, including crack cocaine. Among young adults, the report showed that college-aged people (1-4 years past high school) had lifetime prevalence rates of MDMA use, with 16% of college students having experienced MDMA use. The report also suggested that males were more likely to be a MDMA user than females (NDIA as cited in DEA.org, 2014).

(2)(a) MDMA affects ...

Solution Summary

This solution explores the use of the drug Molly (MDMA) and its effect on the brain. References used are included.