Purchase Solution

The differences between top-down/bottom-up and direct/constructivist approaches to perception

Not what you're looking for?

Ask Custom Question

1) What are the differences between top-down/bottom-up and between direct/constructivist approaches to perception?

2) Compare and contrast capacity vs. bottleneck models of attention.

3) Describe which factors may make perception (e.g., visual search task) and attention (e.g., divided attention) easier/harder. What factors related to the individual, task, and environment?

Purchase this Solution

Solution Summary

The expert compares and contrasts the capacity versus bottleneck models of attentions.

Solution Preview

1) Top down perception involves actively seeking and extracting sensory information. This type of perception relates to how one's beliefs, expectations, and knowledge impact how we perceive things. By building constructs in one's mind and a cognitive understanding of a stimulus, we can perceive sensory information. Memory also plays a large role in this type of perception. For example, if I remove certain letters (The vowels) in a sentence (e.g. G-d M-rn-ng), you will still know that I said 'Good Morning' because of your memory and past experience.

On the other hand, bottom-up perception is driven by sensory information formed by the physical world. Neither one's existing beliefs, nor high cognitive processes, are needed for perception. Using the same example with ...

Purchase this Solution

Free BrainMass Quizzes
Can you name these types of cognitive distortions?

In each mini-scenario, can you identify the type of cognitive distortion being displayed? All of us are subject to cognitive errors, biases, and distortions throughout our daily lives.

Anxiety Disorders

This quiz is designed to help students gain a better understanding of various types of anxiety disorders.

Motion Perception

This quiz will help students test their understanding of the differences between the types of motion perception, as well as the understanding of their underlying mechanisms.

Psychoanalysis and Sigmund Freud

This quiz explores the personality theory of psychoanalysis, in particular reference to how Freud conceptualized of this theory.

Emotional Intelligence: A Beginning

An introduction to an emerging branch of Psychology-Emotional Intelligence.