1. Maslow's hierarchy of needs: in the context of Maslow's hierarchies, why do people go to college? What needs are met by this behavior? Do you agree or disagree with Maslow in your own case?
2. Taste preferences - Learned and genetic: Based on Harris' reasoning about India's creation of the sacred cow, why do you think that Jews and Moslems decided to reject the pig as a food source? If we consider supertasting and nontasting from an evolutionary perspective, what kinds of environments would have led to supertasting, and what kinds would have led to nontasting?
3. Control in the Classroom: What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation? What kind of structures in the classroom would help students to develop intrinsic motivation?
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This solution addresses the three question related to Maslow's hierarchy of needs (e.g. why do people go to college, etc), taste preferences (learned and genetic), and control in the classroom (e.g. intrinsic or extrinsic motivation, what kind of structures in the classroom would help students to develop intrinsic motivation, etc.).
Motivation from a Social Perspective
By nature, human beings are social creatures. They have social needs, such as safety and belonging that have allowed them to band together and thrive. For millennia, humans have been motivated by these needs to survive adverse conditions. Today, most people desire more than mere survival; they are motivated by social needs, like achievement, affiliation, intimacy, and power. Persons with high desires for achievement or power may become leaders of business, politics, or other fields. Individuals with high affiliation needs may seek membership in many groups and desire approval and close relations with those around them. Individuals with high intimacy needs often seek strong emotional attachments. Thus, different needs produce different motivators and different behavior.
To prepare for this discussion, select a social need from the following list: achievement, affiliation, intimacy, and power. Consider how this need influences motivation.
Please provide an explanation of how the social need you selected might influence motivation and provide an example to illustrate your point. Support your response with references to the Learning Resources.
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