**The Humanistic theories also discussed the â??Selfâ?. What is your understanding of the â??Selfâ? from the perspective of Rollo May, Maslow, Rogers and Kelly and how do you see this as differing from the psychoanalytic school?
**Describe Maslow's view of self-acutalization and describe where you would be in his hierarchy. Give examples. What were its prerequisites?
? What are the antecedents of Humanistic Psychology and what is the nature of this system of thought?
Humanistic psychology emerged in reaction to the deterministic views of psychodynamic and behavioral theories. The humanists denied that people were controlled by unconscious or environmental forces. Basically the prerequisite for Humanism were Existentialism and the Positive view, which held that the world is distinctly a human construction (Friedman & Schustack, 2002). The Humanistic theory focused on motivating drives and human potential that focused on purpose and meaning in life. Humanists held an optimistic view of the essential of human nature, and held that persons naturally developed toward subjective well being and self-actualization. Unlike the biological explanation of personality, humanists denied that individuals are controlled by unconscious or environmental forces.
? Describe Maslow's view of self-actualization and describe where you would be in his hierarchy. Give examples. What were its prerequisites?
According to Friedman & Schustack (2002), Maslow's developed his self-actualization hierarchy from Carl Jung who "counter balanced" psychoanalytic forces with human potential to be the first one to use the concept of self-actualization. Maslow postulated a hierarchy that was divided into two categories: need and motives. He described needs as survival basics (e.g., food, water shelter). Safety needs focused on ...
This solution discusses the system of Humanistic Psychology.