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Ideal Environment for an Individual in Late Adulthood

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Getting old is a difficult time period for many individuals and their family members. Please provide suggestions to create an ideal environment for an individual in late adulthood. Be sure to address the following items:

a. Describe the changes that are occurring for women and men during the developmental stages of late adulthood and death.

b. Explain these changes using the main concepts of the theories relating to late adulthood and death. I.

c. Explain how you would create an ideal environment to help a family member enjoy their final stages of life. As a part of your explanation, consider the following questions:

1) Would having family members and friends being around be important?
2) Would it be important to leave nothing left unsaid that was important?
3) Would making our final wishes regarding how we wish to be buried be important?
4) Would being kept alive as long as possible be important?
5) Would being kept on pain medication if we are in pain be important?

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RESPONSE:

Let's take a closer look at these interesting questions.

a. Describe the changes that are occurring for women and men during the developmental stages of late adulthood and death.

The developmental changes in adulthood occur at the physical, cognitive and social levels. Primary aging is the biological aging that occurs even in the context of good health. Most elderly experience declines in hearing, vision, taste, and smell. They also experience some declines in their ability to detect pain and notice temperature changes. These declines are typically gradual and become more pronounced over the age of 70 (Late Adulthood). However, secondary aging also occurs, which is declines in function due to hereditary defects and negative environmental influences, including poor diet, lack of exercise, disease, substance abuse, environmental pollution, and stress. Certain diseases are common in the older adult, such as arthritis (osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis), heart disease and diabetes. Cognitive impairment and mental disabilities only present when there is severe cell death and structural or chemical abnormalities in the brain e.g., Alzheimer's disease and dementia, which have both heredity and negative environmental determinants (Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood, n.d.).

For older adults, social relationships with friend and family become extremely important, especially with friends in the same age cohort. According to Erikson, older adults prepare for death through successfully meeting the challenges in this stage of life, as described below. The older adult often strives to be independent and enjoy life with members of their own cohort. Within a marriage, for example, couples may have trouble adjusting to retirement, especially in the more traditional marriages. However, research suggests that married persons tend to be happier in late adulthood than single persons, even though the people who have never married often cope the best with feelings of loneliness in later life (Late Adulthood). At the center of Levinson's theory is the life structure, the underlying pattern of an individual's life at any particular time, including late adulthood. Levinson argues that a person's life structure is shaped by the social and physical environment, with many individuals' life structures primarily involving family and friends in late adulthood, although other variables such as religion, race, and economic status are often important (Levinson's ...

Solution Summary

Getting old is a difficult time period for many individuals and their family members. This solution helps to create an ideal environment for an individual in late adulthood by addressing the questions. References in APA format.

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Late Adulthood: Final Stages Scenario

Getting old is a difficult time period for many individuals and their family members. Prepare a response in which you make suggestions to create an ideal environment for an individual in late adulthood. Be sure to address the following items:

a. Describe the changes that are occurring for women and men during the developmental stages of late adulthood and death.
b. Explain these changes using the main concepts of the theories relating to late adulthood and death.
c. Explain how you would create an ideal environment to help a family member enjoy their final stages of life. As a part of your explanation, consider the following questions:

1. Would having family members and friends being around be important?
2. Would it be important to leave nothing left unsaid that was important?
3. Would making our final wishes regarding how we wish to be buried be important?
4. Would being kept alive as long as possible be important?
5. Would being kept on pain medication if we are in pain be important?

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