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Early Populations in Play Therapy

What type of client was treated by original play therapists such as Anna Freud?

How were the early client populations similar or different from the current client populations treated in play therapy?

Where the clients of the original play therapists such as Anna Freud treated?

How are these contexts similar or different than the contexts where we treat children today?

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Early populations in play therapy.

(a) What type of client was treated by original play therapists Anna Feud

A definition given to describe play therapy is "the systematic use of a theoretical model to establish an independent process whereas trained therapists use the therapeutic power of play to help clients prevent or resolve psychosocial difficulties and achieve growth and optimal development (Ray & Bratton, 2000). Among the early populations in play therapy were children with physical and/or psychological disabilities who were treated with the method of adult psychoanalysis. For instance, Lantz and Raiz (2003) note that Anna Freud "broadened the scope of her father's (Sigmund Freud)' psychoanalysis to children and made a lasting profound contribution to the study of personality changes in the child" (p. 33). Her model of psychoanalysis (1965) was considered the most reliable to treat childhood psychopathology. The first major developers in play therapy emerged after analysts' efforts to apply adult psychoanalysis for adults to children were ineffective. For example, analysts found that unlike adults, children were reluctant to describe past experiences as adults in the free association of Sigmund Freud's (1961) psychoanalysis (Lee, 1997).

(b) How were the early client populations similar or different from the current client populations treated in play therapy?

Earlier therapists such as Hellmuth, Freud and Klein (1932) emphasized the importance of child therapy versus adult therapy, and the provision of play materials to children in therapy to foster their self-expression (Lee, 1997). Children were treated for withdrawal, (4) somatic complaints, (5) anxiety, and ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the use of play therapy in the past.

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