What, exactly, is being measured by intelligence tests? What is the purpose of determining one's intelligence?
Generally speaking, the purpose of intelligence tests are to measure someone's cognitive ability. Depending on what intelligence test you use, different constructs of intelligence are measured. For example, the Wechsler Intelligence tests base an IQ score on several subsets of intelligence. They break in down to four sub domains of intelligence: Verbal Comprehension (how someone understands and uses verbal language), Perceptual ...
Discusses the purposes and results of intelligence tests as well as what they measure.