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Validity of data interpretations

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I will be doing a study on Cooperative Learning in the educational field of psychology. I need help with describing at least two possible factors that might threaten the validity of data interpretations. How might the strategies resolve this challenge and why might each strategy be effective?

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Health care professionals, pharmacy workers are often decision makers in settings ranging from patient care to managed care to consulting the literature for information for current practice and guidelines, information literacy and applied literacy evaluation is a fundamental component of the doctor of pharmacy curriculum (p. 1). Obviously, the search for information for current library information would be a daunting task for one individual, as such a cooperation learning approach was initiated. Students introduced a tertiary drug information relevant to pharmacy practice through a cooperative learning task. They utilized a cooperative learning activity involving a drug information referral grid that could serve as a useful tool for future references and serve as a guideline when acquiring text for their own library (Earl, 2009).

Cooperative learning often involves groups of students who contribute to each other's learning process. The student interaction promised to lead to opportunities for improving communication skills. Improving grades, and collective problems. For example, the cooperative learning activity involved collecting incorporated information that require biomedical literature evaluation. Although the assignment grades improved based on the implementation of the what was referred to as a "jigsaw" activity in which students put the information into a grid until all the ...

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The solution involves an identification and description of two factors that threaten the validity of data interpretations.

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Research: Wal-Mart

Present a mini proposal on Walmart's Policy on Women's Pay that includes the following:

1. Statement of problem. Provide a clear justification with evidence on why this study is relevant to your field and worthy of doctoral-level study. Support your efforts using scholarly information published within the past 5 years to ensure relevancy. Remember the problem statement should reflect your degree type (applied or research).
2. Purpose statement (how your study will address the problem using qualitative methodology). This statement should flow from the problem statement.
3. Research questions (make sure there is alignment with the problem and purpose).
4. Find 2 to 3 articles related to your topic of interest and provide an overview of the research methodology and design where you specifically discuss the elements below from each article and discuss how each applies (or does not apply to your current study):
- A specific qualitative design,
- The population and sample,
- Steps for data collection and protection of human subjects,
- Steps for the analysis of the data, and
- Issues of trustworthiness within a qualitative framework.
5. Based on your analysis above, what seems most applicable to your hypothetical study and why? Be sure to discuss the qualitative design, population and sample, data collection, analysis, and trustworthiness.
6. Discussion of the inherent strengths and challenges of your hypothetical study to include any ethical considerations that might need to be addressed in the study.

Make sure to support all assertions and research choices, using the attached resources as well as additional scholarly literature.
Make sure to justify steps and choices, using the attached resources to help support your points.
Be sure to use scholarly sources to support all assertions and research decisions. Ensure it is supported by at least 3 to 5 scholarly resources within the past 5 years to ensure relevancy. Also keep in mind that your problem statement should reflect a PhD degree.

Length: 5 to 7 pages

Using current APA standards.

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