1) Why do some individuals resort to positive punishment when someone is not behaving correctly?
2) Research indicates that punishment is ineffective, particularly if it is not delivered shortly after the undesirable behavior, why is it ineffective if it is not delivered shortly after the undesirable behavior?
3) Why are schedules of reinforcements so important in changing an undesirable behavior in an individual or even an animal?
4) Why should intermittent reinforcement result in stronger, long lasting learning than continuous reinforcement?
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1) Some individuals resort to positive punishment when someone is not behaving correctly, due to the fact that they believe that this form of punishment is a highly effective means of stopping individuals from engaging in misbehaviour. They believe that the fear of negative consequences would prevent the individual from misbehaving in the future. Sadly, some individuals resort to positive punishment due to the fact that they are angry and frustrated with the misbehaviour, and release this frustration on the individual that is not behaving correctly.
This solution describes key aspects of positive and intermittent reinforcement.