Evaluate the degree to which the biological and physiological theories adequately explain criminal behavior. Give specific examples.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 11:12 pm ad1c9bdddf
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Recently, a study was done regarding this issue where scientists examined 21 people with a history of criminal behavior and who were diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder and compared them with individuals not diagnosed with the same disorder and who had no history of criminal behavior. The individuals with antisocial personality disorder were found to have significant brain function differences, particularly in the frontal lobe where impulse control and judgment are localized (LiveScience, 2011).
In terms of the psychological theory and criminal behavior, there have been links to certain body types such as those who have more primitive features likes those of a strong jaw and heavy brows. In 1949, a theorist named Sheldon found a link to those that have a mesomorph body type (muscular) are more prone to criminal behavior (Sammons, 2013). "Whilst there is evidence that some physiological factors are associated with an increased risk of criminal behavior, it is clear that there is no one physiological abnormality that causes people to commit crimes (Sammons, 2013, p. 2).
These findings, and those like it, demonstrate evidence supporting that there are biological and physiological factors that are at play in connection with criminal behavior. It would appear that there is a stronger connection between biological factors and criminal behavior such as certain mental illnesses or disorders that impair an individual's ability to make accurate judgments regarding what is "right and wrong", the ability to control impulses and the ability to assess consequences for behavior.
LiveScience. (2011). Biology of crime: How criminal minds are different than yours. Fox News. Retrieved on June 27, 2013, from http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2011/03/04/biology-crime-criminal-minds-different/.
Sammons, A. (2013). Physiological theories of offending. Criminological Psychology. Retrieved on June 27, 2013, from http://www.psychlotron.org.uk/newresources/criminological/a2_aqb_crim_physiologicaltheories.pdf.
I hope this helps. Good luck!
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