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Four types of Reinforcement and Reinforcement Schedules

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Discuss the four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction and give examples. The examples will help me understand these concepts better. Thanks.

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1. Discuss the four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction and give examples. The examples will help me understand these concepts better. Thanks.

Reinforcement

The term reinforce means to strengthen, and is used in psychology to refer to anything stimulus which strengthens or increases the probability of a specific response. For example, if you want your dog to sit on command, you may give him a treat every time he sits for you. The dog will eventually come to understand that sitting when told to will result in a treat. This treat is reinforcing because he likes it and will result in him sitting when instructed to do so.

This is a simple description of a reinforcer (the treat), which increases the response (sitting). We all apply reinforcers everyday, most of the time without even realizing we are doing it. You may tell your child "good job" after he or she cleans their room; perhaps you tell your partner how good he or she look when they dress up; or maybe you got a raise at work after doing a great job on a project. All of these things increase the probability that the same response will be repeated.

There are four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction. We'll discuss each of these and give examples.

1. Positive Reinforcement. The examples above describe what is referred to as positive reinforcement. Think of it as adding something in order to increase a response. For example, adding a treat will increase the response of sitting; ...

Solution Summary

Discusses the four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction and give examples. Types of Reinforcement Schedules are also described with examples.

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Reinforcement Schedules

Various reinforcement schedules have been shown to have different effects on the rate and retention of learning.

1). Explain the meaning of a fixed interval (FI), variable interval (VI), fixed ratio (FR), and variable ratio (VR) reinforcement schedules.

2).What are the advantages and disadvantages of each of the four types of reinforcement schedules?

3). Give a hypothetical example of a life experience when one of the four types of reinforcement schedules could be used are has been applied personally.

4). What might be or has been the possible results?

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