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Four types of Reinforcement and Reinforcement Schedules

Discuss the four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction and give examples. The examples will help me understand these concepts better. Thanks.

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1. Discuss the four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction and give examples. The examples will help me understand these concepts better. Thanks.

Reinforcement

The term reinforce means to strengthen, and is used in psychology to refer to anything stimulus which strengthens or increases the probability of a specific response. For example, if you want your dog to sit on command, you may give him a treat every time he sits for you. The dog will eventually come to understand that sitting when told to will result in a treat. This treat is reinforcing because he likes it and will result in him sitting when instructed to do so.

This is a simple description of a reinforcer (the treat), which increases the response (sitting). We all apply reinforcers everyday, most of the time without even realizing we are doing it. You may tell your child "good job" after he or she cleans their room; perhaps you tell your partner how good he or she look when they dress up; or maybe you got a raise at work after doing a great job on a project. All of these things increase the probability that the same response will be repeated.

There are four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction. We'll discuss each of these and give examples.

1. Positive Reinforcement. The examples above describe what is referred to as positive reinforcement. Think of it as adding something in order to increase a response. For example, adding a treat will increase the response of sitting; ...

Solution Summary

Discusses the four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction and give examples. Types of Reinforcement Schedules are also described with examples.

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