a. Describe some of the key characteristics of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and what laws or Acts are referenced when identifying these children as being in need of special education services.
b. Explain how a teacher should organize her classroom and adapt educational strategies to help peers and others become more accepting of a student with a physical disability or other health impairment (Including ADHD). How might this be different for children with severe or multiple disabilities?
c. Give examples of environmental modifications that enable people with physical or health impairments to more fully participate in day-to-day activities in schools and communities. Identify modifications that benefit or are useful for other people as well.
d. Summarize what should and should not be the focus of special education for students with severe and multiple disabilities; for children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders; for children with health impairments.
1. The key characteristics of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity can depend on their diagnosis. There are 3 categories to ADD/ADHD: Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Impulsivity. A child can fall under one or more of these categories. A child with inattention problems is easily distracted, has poor concentration skills, easily misplaces their belongings, and suffers from disorganization. A child with hyperactivity problems is fidgety and restless, they get bored easily with one task, they have difficulty playing quietly, and they are extremely talkative. A child who suffers from impulsivity speaks and acts without thinking and often interrupts others.
There are 2 main laws/acts that identify ADD/ADHD children as needing special education services are:
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) which requires public schools to provide additional educational services to children who meet the criteria for 1 of 13 specific disability categories. Under this act, ADHD children are entitled to special ed services.
- Section 504 Plan (Part of the Rehabilitation Act) - accommodations are made in the classroom ...
The expert describes the key characteristics of children with ADHD.