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Discussion of Memory and Learning

Explain the learning process and how this process gives rise to memory over the lifespan.

Draw distinctions among crystallized and fluid intelligence across a lifespan.

Describe how learning gives rise to memory over a lifespan and how memory deficits can develop across a lifespan.

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Before a discussion can commence regarding the ideas of cognitive processes, a definition of the term must be made. Cognition "refers to the mental processes in acquiring knowledge" (Weiten, 2007, p 10). Furthermore, once knowledge is obtained, the individual must store and process the information acquired; these cognitive processes include attention, remembering, producing and understanding language, solving problems, and making decisions (Robinson-Riegler, G., & Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008). Moreover, the idea of learning how humans learn cannot be fully understood without examining how people acquire, store, and process information (Nairne, 1996)?the cognitive process.

Information about memory concepts and how humans remember are only based upon observation in research rather than by way of something viewable. Memory seems to involve more than just viewing, hearing and retention. Psychologists who research and probe into the ideas associated with memory must ask how information gets into memory, how information is retained in memory, and how information is retrieved from memory (Weiten, 2007).

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Solution Summary

This solution discusses memory and the factors that affect it. Definitions and references are given. The text contains 657 words.