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    Neural Processes of Learning and Memory

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    I need to get a good grasp on the neuroanatomy of and neural processes relating to learning and memory. I have done general internet research but I'm still a little fuzzy on the whole topic.

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    Neural Processes of Learning and Memory
    According to Okano, Hirano, & Balaban (2000), memory is one of the most essential and important mental processes. Neuroscientists study this process by using extremely diverse strategies. They introduced two different approaches to aid people in understanding learning and memory. The first idea has to do with "synaptic plasticity," especially in long-term depression in the cerebellum, in motor learning, and its regulatory mechanism. The second idea defined brain regions to study how development occurs in neural populations to create behaviorally important neural circuits and to reveal neurobiological comparisons of perceptual and motor predispositions.
    It is also determined that the human brain is responsible for thinking, feeling, wanting, perceiving, learning and memory, curiosity, and behavior. Memory is a fundamental mental process, and Okano, Hirano, & Balaban (2000) state that "without memory we are capable of nothing but simple reflexes and stereotyped behaviors." Because of all of this, memory and learning are two of the most studied subjects in neuroscience. They define memory as a behavioral adjustment caused by an experience, and define learning as a process for attaining memory. Also, memory is an individual's ability to store, retain, and recall information and experiences. There are two principal different kinds of memory, declarative memory and procedural memory. Declarative memory is available consciously, and is mostly carried out within the cerebrum and hippocampus of the brain. Procedural memory is not available consciously, and is needed to use a skill that was previously learned. These memory functions are ...

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    This solution provides an in depth discussion of the neural processes of learning and memory. The text contains 967 words and references.